-













































:

:

- .

:

: = 3200

: L = 700

: = 14000

: 7


.

1. .

1.1.     .

1.2.     .

2.      .

2.1       .

2.2       .

2.3       .

2.4       .

2.4.1.

.

2.4.2. .

2.5. .

2.6.    

3. .

.

.

, - . , , , .

- , . .

. , . : , , , , .

1.

1.1            .

, , ().

B H .

- () , , (), , , , . ֠ - , . bz, hz, bp hp:

bz=(2/3 - 4/5)hz (1.1)

bp=(0.3 0.6)bz (1.2)

, . Ααvd. 1 . 4 . , Ααv, , k ,

Ααv=kαΑvd (1.3)

57, .. 7 (k=7) , ..

Ααv=74=28`=0.45˚

.1, :

h=2*L*tg(αv/2) (1.4)

αv - , h L. 16-20 12-15 . , 50. 5:3.


. 1.

(1.4) :

h = 2*700*tg(28`/2) = 5.7 ()

, (1.1), , 5/7=0.71, :

b = 5/7*5.7 = 4.1 ()

:

b = 3/5*b = 2,45 () (1.5)

h = 3/7*h = 1.76 () (1.6)


1.2            .

: , . , .. .

. f (50 ), . :

fz=Z*fk=625*50=31250 () (1.7)

Z- , . Z=625.

Tz Tzn Tzo.

Tzo/Tz = αz (1.8)

.

Tzn=Tz(1-αz) (1.9)

αz=0.18.

Tk=Tkn+Tko (1.10)

Tkn,Tko- .

Tko/Tk=αk (1.11)

.

, :

Zn=(1-αk)*Z (1.12)

αk=0.08.

(), .

, N 44 , N= C/N =73

:

V = N*(b+bn) = 73*(4,1+2,45) = 478,15 () (1.13)

( 34)

H = N*(h+hn) = 44*(5,7+1,76) = 328,24 () (1.14)

, , . :

Vp = V/β = 478,15 / 0.9 = 531,27 ()

(1.16)

H = H/β = 328,24 / 0.9 = 364,71 ()

堠 , V , V - ;

β, β - , (0.7 - 0.9).

β = β = 0.9.

592. , .. :

. . 378 , 443 , 605 . 585405

. , . 600, 550 .

:

/ = 328,24 /405 = 0.81 (1.17)

V/V = 478,15 /585 = 0.82 (1.18)

(0.7-0.9). .
2. .

2.1 .

, .

( ) , , .

. . , . , .

, , , , , . , .

. , . , b b .

-. , --b+b. , , .

, , .

fk, , . , .


. 3.

2.2 .

5 , , , .

814 57., .

. 3-7. . (.8).

. 3-7.

Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4 Y5 Y6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
X0
X1
X2
X3


Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4 Y5 Y6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
X0
X1
X2
X3


Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4 Y5 Y6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
X0
X1
X2
X3


Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4 Y5 Y6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
X0
X1
X2
X3


Y0 Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4 Y5 Y6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
X0
X1
X2
X3


8. , ,


2.3 .

, , .

n , ... - ,

n = na = log2 Na (2.1)

堠 na - ;

Na=5 - .

, n=3.

(r ) ((k-r) , k - , ).

r = log2N = log273 = 6 (2.2)

(k-r) = log2N = log244 = 5,46 (2.3)

k = 12 (2.4)

:

N > 2r *N񠠠 (2.5)

(2.6)

:

N=12

.,

= 3*4096 = 12284 4096 3- .

5376, 41, -, .

220 , 0,1 .

. W/R, - .

.10.


.10

.

, 6 44, -6 73.

55519. 4- . . 11 12


. 11 .



.12. .

, .

.

, , , , . , 1555. . 43 .

.13.


. 13. .

2.4 .

() . . - , :

) ;

) .


2.4.1                  :

N = T / = N / β (2.6)

N=73/0.9=82

Nz=Tz / T = N/(1- αz) (2.7)

αz -

Nz=82/(1-0.18)=100.

N=Nz-N𠠠 (2.8)

N=100-82=18.

:

N = (N + N)(1 β) (2.9)

N=100*0,1=10

N = N(1-β) (2.10)

N=82(1-0.9)= 8,2

N 4 , -4.

:

N = 0,07*Nz (2.11)

N=0,07*100 = 7

.9. . (.9,) , (.14,) , (.14,).


0 4 74 78


95

)

9.5


75 4

)

6.65


79 83

)

.14

8 . RS- DD2. 79- S , Q , 4- 0. 95- 0 .

79 S , , 83- . .

, .

2.4.2                .

, .2.4.1.

N=625. :

N=(1- αk)N (2.12)

αk =0.08- .

N=575

N=N-N𠠠 (2.13)

N=50

N=N+N(1-) (2.14)

N=108

N=0,07*N (2.15)

N=0,07*625=44

,

N=N(1-) (2.16)

N=58

N 29 .

. 15, .15, .

575


0 29 546 575


625(0)

)

127


547 29

)

44


576 29

)

.15.

, . , 29- . .

RC- , , , , . . .

:

C1 Uk=0. R1 U. Uk , . .

t=0.5 .

U t, ..

tc=R1C1ln (U-U)/(U-U)>t (2.17)

U - 頠

;

U=5 ,

;

U=2.4

R1C1ln(5/2.6)>0.5 *10-3 (2.18)

R1=1

:

2.5                     .

f :

f > fzN/[2(1- αz) β] (2.19)

堠 fz=31250 -

N=384

αz =0.18

β =0.9

2.6

:

F=Nfz/[(1- αz) β] (2.20)

F=384*31250/0.82*0.9=16.26

F=16

Δf=10-6 (2.21)

(.16).


.16

.

K*χ>=1 (2.22)

φk*φχ=2πn (2.23)

n=0,1,2

K- ;

Χ-κ .

, .16, DD1.1 R. DD1.2, ZQ C1. R1 . R DD1.1 . :

K=U/U (2.24)

U=(U1*R)/(R+R) (2.25)

R- DD1.1.

(2.24) (2.25) :

K=R/R+1 (2.26)

()

χ=U2/U2 (2.27)

U2=U2/(Z+R) (2.28)

(2.27) (2.28) :

χ=R/(Z+R) (2.29)

Z- 1.

DD1.3 , .

16 . , .

Z=Zzq1+1/(2*π*f*1) (2.30)

Zzq1- , 50 .

R DD1 . DD1-DD3 15331, Imax=I0=0.2, U0=0.5 .

R=U0/I0=2.5

=15, χ=0.5

, (2.22)

K*χ=7.5

(2.29) (2.30) 1:

C1=1/[2*π*f*(R/χ-Zzq1-R)] (2.31)

C1=1/(2*3.14*16*106(2500/0.5-50-2500))=2.9

2519-67 3.0 .

2 . 2 :

2=1/(4*π*f*R) (2.32)

2=1/(4*3.14*16*106*2500)=1.5

:

R=(1-1)*R (2.33)

堠 1=(1-0.2)*=12 (2.34)

R=27.5

2825-67 31 .

:

R=(2-1)*R (2.35)

堠 2=*(1+0.2)=18 (2.36)

R=42.5

R1:

R1=R-R=15 젠 (2.37)

2825-67 :

R1=15 +20%


3. .

:

p=exp (-Σλi*t*ki) (3.1)

λi- i-

t= 14000

ki- i-

λ=10-7 1/ ( )

2.5-1 1/ ( )

3*10-7 1/ ( )

p=0,820.25

Q=1-p (3.2)

Q=0,180.75


ʠ .

1. .. .. .-.: .1985.

2. .. .-:.1989.

3. . / . ...-.: .1990.

- , 5 , , . - , , .


2012 , .