-













































:

:

- . ..

: .

:  .

2002 .

1. ........................................................................................................2

2. ...........................2

3.

...............................................................................4

4. .................................................5

5. ...................5

5.1. 1- ...........5

5.2. ,

............................8

.....................................8

7. ......................................................9

8. ....................................................................10

9. 頠 ...........................................................10

10...................................................................................................11

1..

񠠠 ⠠ , , 堠 ,  .  .

, , , .

, , , , . , , . , , , . , , , , . , , , . 10 , 109 . 25 10-100 . , .

: , . , . 堠 , , . . , . .


2. .

. .1

. 1

1 .
2 .
3 .
4 - .
5 ...
6 .
7 .
8 , , .

-, , Q.

Q :

Q= q * c , (1)

q - , .

q . 2

. 2

 

1400 1500

 

1500 1700

 

3000 3500

 

4500 5000

 

5000 5500

 

 

q = 1450

Ѡ - , .

.. 4- :

- - ;

- - ;

- - .

- - .

:

頠 3- :

- 1 - ;

- 2 - , ;

- 3 -

... .

Ѡ .3 .

. 3

ܠ
.
1 1,38 1,26 1,15 0,69
2 1,30 1,19 1,08 0,65
3 1,20 1,10 1,00 0,60
1 1,58 1,45 1,32 0,79
2 1,49 1,37 1,24 0,74
3 1,38 1,26 1,15 0,69

Ѡ = 1,49

, 1 Q

Q = 1450*1, 49=2160, 5

, :

 ( ), :

= 40 / .

2) ( ) :

= Q * B / (50 *K ), (2)

  - ,   1,2 1,5.

  = 1,4

- , .

ʠ . 4

. 4

2- 0,8
2 3 1,0
3 5 1,1 - 1,2
5 10 1,2 - 1,3
10 1,3 - 1,5

  ʠ = 1,2

2 .

= 2160,5*1,4/(50*1,2)=50,5 ( / )

( ) :

= Q / (50 * K) (3)

3 .

=2160,5/(50*1,2)=36 ( / )

( - ) 3

= 36 ( / )

( ) :

= Q * 1,5 / (50 * K) (4)

5 .

= 2160,5*1,5/(50*1,2)=54 ( / )

( ) :

= Q / 50 (5)

5 .

= 2160,5/50=44 ( / )

( ) :

Q * 4, 2

= (6)

50 *

:

= 2160,5*4,2/(50*1,2)=152 ( / )

, , , :

Ҡ = . + . + + + + . + + = 40+50,5+36+36+54+44+152+40=452,5 ( / )

=44+152+40=236(/)


3.  .

Ϡ :

31 * *Ҡ

. = * ( 1 + ) (.)

* t.. 100

31 - 1- ࠠ (.) ;

- , 頠 頠 ;

Ҡ - ( / );

- ;

t ..- .

Ϡ - , .

t .. = 8 .

21 .

31 = 450 .

14 , = 3,36. , .

=(450*3,36*452,5)/(21*8)*(1+15/100)=4683,4 (.)

15 % .

 = 4683,4*0,15=702,51(.)

:

= + = 4683,4 + 702,51= 5385,91(.)

( ).

, 35,6 %. 5.

.5

N 򠠠 (.)
1 . . 4 % 215,43
2 . . 3,6 % 193,89
3 . 28 % 1508,05
: 35,6 % 1917,38

= * 35,6 % (.)

:

= 5385,91/100*35,6=1917,38(.)


5. .

5.1. 1- - .

, , 1- - .

ࠠ , :

1) , .

ʠ :

- - ;

- ;

- .

. :

31 * 򠠠

.. = ---------- * ( 1 + --- ) * 12 , (.)

. 100

31 - ( ) 1 .;

- , ;

. - -, , ;

Ϡ - , .

- ⠠ . = 13

⠠ . = 26 .

ࠠ . = 9.

- ⠠ = 2,89

⠠ =2,02

ࠠ =1,67

8 , :

...-. = (450*2,89)/13*1,15*12=1380,53(.)

.... =(450*2,02)/26*1,15*12=482,47 (.)

... =(450*1,67)/9*1,15*12=1152,3 (.)

, :

.... = ...-. + .... + + . . .=1380,53 +482,47+1152,3=3015,3 (.)

. 15 % .

. = .. *15%=3015,3/100*15%=452,3 (.)

:

... = +  (.)

... = 3015,3 +452,3= 3467,6(.)

Ϡ .

. 5., 35,6% .

= .. * 35,6% (.)

젠 = 3467,6/100*35,6%=1234,5 (.)

Ϡ .

ʠ , -, . 8, .  ̠ 堠 ( ).

,

. = (450*4,50)/78*1,15*12=358,27 (.)

, .

, 1 , :

31 * 12 .

.. = ---------- * (1 + --- ) = 79,61 (.) (9)

. 100

9,

.. = 79,61(.)

Ϡ .

...=..+..= 358,27+79,61= 437,88 (.)

5) 15% :

= 437,88/100*15%=65,68 (.)

:

... = . + .=437,88+65,68=503,56(.)

6) Ϡ . 5, 35,6% .

. . = 503,56/100*35,6=179,27 (.)

7) 堠 25% .

= * 25%=36870/100*25%=9217,5 (.) ,

- ̠ .

 

.. 1.=30 .

 

250 7500

 

108 3240

 

67 2010

 

44 1320

 

HDD 120 3600

 

FDD 11 330

 

CD-RW 150 4500

 

CPU Cooler 19 570

 

5 150

 

400 12000

 

5 150

 

50 1500

 

: 1229 36870

 

8) . :

- . ,

- ., .

. :

. = . * * Р (.) (10),

. - ̠ .

- 1 / .

Р - ̠ / .

1 , . = 2016

= 64 . 1 / .

. = 0,7 1,2 / .

10 :

=*(1-α/100)=1988*(1-20/100)=1988*08=1590,4

=((--)*-..*1,5)*=((365-104-11)*8-8*1,5)= 1988

. =1590,4 *0,64*1=1017,86 (.)

., :

= . * * ⠠ (.) (11),

堠 . - ̠ .

- 1 / .

- , /.

= 200 / .

11 :

= 1590,4*0,64*0,2=243,57(.)

. :

= . + = 1017,86+243,57=1261,43 (.)

9) :

=10500 (.)

 

 

. - .

 

250 5 7500

 

CD-R 50 50 1500

 

FDD 20 50 600

 

30 3 900

 

: 350 10500

  , ..

10) 2 % ̠ .

=36870/100*2=737,4 (.)

11) :

. = . .. * S * 12 (12),

.. - 1 . - 4,70 . ;

S - (..) 1 ̠ (7 ).

12 :

.= 4,70*7*12=394,8 (.)

12) :

. = ֠ .. * S * 12 (13),

.. - 1 ., 150 170 . ;

S - ֠ (..) 1 ̠ ( 5 7 ).

13

.= 160*7*12=13440 ()

13) 30% . , .

. = 3015,3 /100*30%=904,59 (.)

, 13 , 1- .

..= 3015,3+452,3+1234,5+437,88+62,68+129,27+9217,5+1261,43+10500+737,4+ 394,8+13440+904,59= 41787,65 (.)

堠 1- - ,

..

= ----- (14),

..

. - ̠ 䠠 ().

14 :

41787,65

= ---- = 26,27 (.)

1590,4



5.2. , 󠠠 .

, 1- - ̠ , , , :

= * . = 26,27*236 = 6199,72 ()

堠 - 1- - ,

.- , .



6. .

  :

1) ,

2) ,

3) ( ),

4) , ,

.

4 , 10% 4- .

.. = ( + + + ) * 10% = (5385,91+702,51+ 1917,38+ 6199,72)/100*10% = 1420,55 (.)

, , .

.. = + + + . + .. = 15626,05 (.)

. 6

. 6

(.)

% .
1 . 5385,91 34,5
2 .. 702,51 4,5
3 . 1917,38 12,27
4 6199,72 39,64
5 1420,55 9,09
: 15626,05 100%


7. .

:

֠ = Ѡ + Ϡ + Ѡ (14),

Ѡ - / ,

Ϡ - , 40% .

Ϡ =15626,05/100*40%=6250,42 (.)

Ѡ - , 堠 20% 蠠 .

Ѡ = (15626,05+6250,42)/100*20%=4375,29 (.)

14, :

֠ = 15626,05+6250,42+4375,29 = 26251,76(.)


8. .

. 7.

. 7

Š (.)
15626,05
6250,42
4375,29
26251,76


9. .

1. ⠠ . .: , 1988

2. .., . . 蠠 . .: , 1988.

3. . . .. .: , 1986.

.., .., .. . .: , 1991.


1.

.

1 1.00

2 1.11

3 1.23

4 1.36

5 1.51

6 1.67

7 1.84

8 2.02

9 2.22

10 2.44

11 2.68

12 2.89

13 3.12

14 3.36

15 3.62

16 3.90

17 4.20

18 4.50

() 1 , , 450 .


2012 , .