-













































: ( )

: ( )

1.    :

B L3, d3 F

2 3

L2, d2

0 L1, d1 1 L4, d4 4 L5, d5 5

E A C

L6, d6

6 D

L1=500, L2=600, L3=800, L4=100, L5=300, L6=150

d1=0,27, d2=0,15, d3=0,22, d4=0,07, d5=0,08, d6=0,09

2. .

3. :

L1

L2,L3,L4

L5,L6

4. :

L1,L2,L3,L4

L5,L6

5. 젠 -9,00 /; -15,00 /; -11,08 /; -1,56/; -2/; F-10,02/.

6. , 170

7. :

L1,L2,L3=0 C

L5,L6= -16

8. 1 : /..

L1-1,03; L2,L3,-0,77; L4-0,88.

L5;L6-0,68.

9. , /:

9. , : 6300

10. : 180 /

:

: , , , (), .

S..=S.+S..+S/+S/+S . ./.

:

, , , .

S=(α/100)*, (./)

S=(α/100)*, (./)

S=(α/100)*, (./)

S=(α/100)*, (./)

S=(α/100)*, (./)

SF=(α/100)*F, (./)

α - =5%,

- , .

=01..(Ga/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf)+14..( Ga/Ga+G+G) (..)

=01..(G/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf)+12..( G/G+Gf) (..)

=01..(G/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf)+14..( G/Ga+G+G)+45..(G/G) (..)

=01..(G/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf)+14..( G/Ga+G+G)+46..(G/G) (..)

E=01..(G/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf) (..)

F=01..(Gf/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf)+12..( Gf/G+Gf)+23..(Gf/Gf) (..)

01..=1,5*L01..(a1+a2*d01..) (..)

12..= 1,5*L12..(a1+a2*d12..) (..)

23..= 1,5*L23..(a1+a2*d23..) (..)

14..= 1,5*L14..(a1+a2*d14..) (..)

45..= 1,5*L45..(a1+a2*d45..) (..)

46..= 1,5*L46..(a1+a2*d46..) (..)

1 2, , .

. 1 2

1.    , / .

-

-

75

200

1550

1700

2.    2 .

-

-

100

175

1050

1100

3.    2 / .

-

-

150

175

1300

1400

01..=1,5*500()*(100(/)+1050(/²)*0,273())=290,0 (..)

12..=1,5*600()*(75(/)+1550(/²)*0,15())=276,8 (..)

23..=1,5*800()*(75(/)+1550(/²)*0,22())=499,2 (..)

14..=1,5*100()*(75(/)+1550(/²)*0,07())=27,5 (..)

45..=1,5*300()*(175(/)+1400(/²)*0,08())=129,2 (..)

46..=1,5*150()*(175(/)+1400(/²)*0,09())=67,7 (..)

=290,0(/)*(9,0(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+10,02(/))+27,5(/)* ( 9,0(/)/9,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/))=53,3(..)+11,4(..)=64,7(..)

=290,0(/)*(15,0(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+10,02(/))+276,8(/)* ( 15,0(/)/15,0(/)+10,02(/))=89,4(..)+165,9(..)=255,3(..)

=290,0(/)*(11,08(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+ 10,02(/))+27,5(/)*(11,08(/)/9,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/))+129,2(/)=66,0(..)+14,1(..)+129,2(..)=209,3(..)

=290,0(/)*(1,56(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+ 10,02(/))+27,5(/)*(1,56(/)/9,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/))+67,7(..)=9,3(..)+2,1(..)+67,7(..)=79,1(..)

=290,0(/)*(2(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+ 10,02(/))=11,9(..)

F=290,0(/)*(10,02(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+1108(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+ 10,02(/))+276,8(/)*(10,02(/)/10,02(/)+15,0(/))+499,2(/.)=59,7(..)+110,8 (..)+499,2(..)=669,7(..)

S=(5/100)*64,7(..)=3,24(./)

S=(5/100)*255,3(..)=12,77(./)

S=(5/100)*209,3(..)=10,47(./)

S=(5/100)*79,1(..)=3,96(./)

S=(5/100)*11,9(..)=0,595(./)

SF=(5/100)*669,7(..)=33,5(./)

, .

.

S..=ΔQA**10-3 (./)

S..=ΔQ**10-3 (./)

S..=ΔQ**10-3 (./)

S..=ΔQ**10-3 (./)

S..=ΔQ**10-3 (./)

S..F=ΔQF**10-3 (./)

ΔQA=ΔQ.01..(Ga/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf)+ΔQ.14..( Ga/Ga+G+G) (/)

ΔQ=ΔQ.01..(G/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf)+ΔQ.12..( G/G+Gf) (/)

ΔQ=ΔQ.01..(G/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf)+ΔQ.14..(G/Ga+G+G)+ΔQ.45..(G/G) (/)

ΔQ=ΔQ.01..(G/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf)+ΔQ.14..(G/Ga+G+G)+ΔQ.46.(G/G) (/)

ΔQ= ΔQ.01..(G/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf) (/)

ΔQF= ΔQ.01..(Gf/Ga+G+G+G+G+Gf)+ΔQ.12..( Gf/G+Gf)+ΔQ.23..(Gf/Gf) (/)

ΔQ.01..=1,5*Δq01*L01*h(tm-to.c01)*106

Q- , , /

- , /

h- , /

tm- ,

to.c- ,

q- , /**Ѡ

ΔQ.01..=1,5*1,03(/)*500()*6300(170-0)*10-6=827,3(/)

ΔQ.12..= 1,5*0,77(/)*600()*6300(170-0)*10-6=742,2(/)

ΔQ.23..= 1,5*0,77(/)*800()*6300(170-0)*10-6=989,6(/)

ΔQ.14..= 1,5*0,88(/)*100()*6300(170-0)*10-6=141,4(/)

ΔQ.45..= 1,5*0,68(/)*300()*6300(170+16)*10-6=358,6(/)

ΔQ.46..= 1,5*0,68(/)*150()*6300(170+16)*10-6=179,3(/)

ΔQA=827,3(/)*(9,0(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+10,02(/))+141,4(/)*(9,0(/)/9,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/))=153(/)+59(/)=212(/)

ΔQ=827,3(/)*(15,0(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+10,02(/))+742,2(/)*( 15,0(/)/15,0(/)+10,02(/))=255(/)+445(/)=700(/)

ΔQ=827,3(/)*(11,08(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+ 10,02(/))+141,4(/)*(11,08(/)/9,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/))+358,6(/)=189(/)+73(/)+358,6(/)=621(/)

ΔQ=827,3(/)*(1,56(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+ 10,02(/))+141,4(/)*(1,56(/)/9,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/))+179,3(/)=27(/)+11(/)+179,3(/)=217(/)

ΔQ=827,3(/)*(2(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+11,08(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+10,02(/))=34(/)

ΔQF= 827,3(/)*(10,02(/)/9,0(/)+15,0(/)+1108(/)+1,56(/)+2(/)+ 10,02(/))+742,3(/)*(10,02(/)/10,02(/)+15,0(/))+989,6(/)=171(/)+298(/)+989,6(/)=1459(/)

S..=212(/)*180(/)*10-3=38,16(./)

S..=700(/)*180(/)*10-3=126(./)

S..=621(/)*180(/)*10-3=112(./)

S..=217(/)*180(/)*10-3=39(./)

S..=34(/)*180(/)*10-3=6(./)

S..F=1459(/)*180(/)*10-3=263(./)

/ .

S/= n¯*Q*¯ (./)

S/= n¯*Q*¯ (./)

S/= n¯*Q*¯ (./)

S/= n¯*Q*¯ (./)

S/= n¯*Q*¯ (./)

S/F= n¯*QF*¯ (./)

- / :=55./.

n.- =0,07(/.)*4,16(/)=0,29(/.)

Q.- , /.

Q.=Q-ΔQ (/)

Q.=Q-ΔQ  (/)

Q.=Q-ΔQѠ (/)

Q.=Q-ΔQĠ (/)

Q.=Q-ΔQŠ (/)

Q.F=QF-ΔQF (/)

Q=G*t*h*10-6 (/)

G- , /

t=3600

h-, /

Q=9,0(/)*3600()*(/)*10-6=(/)

Q=15,0(/)*3600()*(/)*10-6=(/)

Q=11,08(/)*3600()*(/)*10-6=(/)

Q=1,56(/)*3600()*(/)*10-6=(/)

Q=2(/)*3600()*(/)*10-6=(/)

QF=10,02(/)*3600()*(/)*10-6=(/)

Q= Q(/)-(212(/)/6300)=(/)

Q=(/)-(700(/)/6300)=(/)

Q=(/)-(621(/)/6300)=(/)

Q=(/)-(217(/)/6300)=(/)

Q=(/)-(34(/)/6300)=(/)

QF=(/)-(1459(/)/6300)=(/)

S/=0,29(/.)*Q(/)*55(./.)=(./)

S/=0,29(/.)*Q(/)*55(./.)=(./)

S/=0,29(/.)*Q(/)*55(./.)=(./)

S/=0,29(/.)*Q(/)*55(./.)=(./)

S/=0,29(/.)*Q(/)*55(./.)=(./)

S/F=0,29(/.)*Q(/)*55(./.)=(./)

.

% .

S..=0,01*=0,01*64,7(..)=0,65(./)

S..=0,01*=0,01*255,3(..)=2,55(./)

S..=0,01*=0,01*209,3(..)=2,09(./)

S..=0,01*=0,01*79,1(..)=0,79(./)

S..=0,01*=0,01*11,9(..)=0,12(./)

S..F=0,01*F=0,01*669,7(..)=6,7(./)

.

S..=S+S..+S/+S.. (./)

S..=3,24(./)+0,65(./)+S/(./)+38,16(./)=(./)

S..=12,77(./)+2,55(./)+(./)+126(./)=(./)

S..=10,47(./)+2,09(./)+(./)+112(./)=(./)

S..=3,96(./)+0,79(./)+(./)+39(./)=(./)

S..=0,595(./)+0,12(./)+(./)+6(./)=(./)

S..F=33,5(./)+6,7(./)+(./)+263(./)=(./)

. :

Ŝ..=S/Q*h=S(./)/(Q(/)*6300)=(/)

Ŝ..=S/Q*h=S(./)/(Q(/)*6300)=(/)

Ŝ..=S/Q*h=S(./)/(Q(/)*6300)=(/)

Ŝ..=S/Q*h=S(./)/(Q(/)*6300)=(/)

Ŝ..=S/Q*h=S(./)/(Q(/)*6300)=(/)

Ŝ..F=SF/QF*h=S(./)/(Q(/)*6300)=(/)

:

1.    , , .

F .

, , , , , Q, /:

Q=G*t*h*10-6 (/)

.

1 , , , .

2. 1 , .. S, , .


2012 , .